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    American Samoa Geography - 2004

      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand

      Geographic coordinates:
      14 20 S, 170 00 W

      Map references:

      total: 199 sq km
      note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 199 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      116 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season from November to April, dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation

      five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls (Rose Island, Swains Island)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Lata 966 m

      Natural resources:
      pumice, pumicite

      Land use:
      arable land: 5%
      permanent crops: 10%
      other: 85% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      typhoons common from December to March

      Environment - current issues:
      limited natural fresh water resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines

      Geography - note:
      Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding American Samoa on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of American Samoa Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about American Samoa Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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