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    Antigua and Barbuda Geography - 2004

      Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico

      Geographic coordinates:
      17 03 N, 61 48 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 443 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km)
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Redonda, 1.6 sq km
      land: 443 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      153 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      tropical; little seasonal temperature variation

      mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m

      Natural resources:
      NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

      Land use:
      arable land: 18.18%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 81.82% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      Antigua has a deeply indented shoreline with many natural harbors and beaches; Barbuda has a very large western harbor

      NOTE: The information regarding Antigua and Barbuda on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Antigua and Barbuda Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Antigua and Barbuda Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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