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    Central African Republic Geography - 2004

      Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates:
      7 00 N, 21 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 622,984 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 622,984 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,203 km
      border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

      vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
      highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m

      Natural resources:
      diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 3.1%
      permanent crops: 0.14%
      other: 96.76% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

      Environment - current issues:
      tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished the country's reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Central African Republic on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Central African Republic Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Central African Republic Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)