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    Cook Islands Geography - 2004

      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

      Geographic coordinates:
      21 14 S, 159 46 W

      Map references:

      total: 240 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 240 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      1.3 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      120 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; moderated by trade winds

      low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Te Manga 652 m

      Natural resources:

      Land use:
      arable land: 17.39%
      permanent crops: 13.04%
      other: 69.57% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      typhoons (November to March)

      Environment - current issues:

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      the northern Cook Islands are seven low-lying, sparsely populated, coral atolls; the southern Cook Islands consist of eight elevated, fertile, volcanic isles where most of the populace lives

      NOTE: The information regarding Cook Islands on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cook Islands Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cook Islands Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)