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    Ethiopia People - 2004

      note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)

      Age structure:
      0-14 years: 44.7% (male 15,189,921; female 15,109,870)
      15-64 years: 52.5% (male 17,857,758; female 17,767,411)
      65 years and over: 2.8% (male 855,103; female 1,071,218) (2004 est.)

      Median age:
      total: 17.4 years
      female: 17.4 years (2004 est.)
      male: 17.3 years

      Population growth rate:
      1.89% (2004 est.)

      Birth rate:
      39.23 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)

      Death rate:
      20.36 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)

      Net migration rate:
      0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
      note: repatriation of Ethiopians who fled to Sudan for refuge from war and famine in earlier years is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese and Somali refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2004 est.)

      Sex ratio:
      at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
      total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

      Infant mortality rate:
      total: 102.12 deaths/1,000 live births
      female: 91.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
      male: 112.22 deaths/1,000 live births

      Life expectancy at birth:
      total population: 40.88 years
      male: 40.03 years
      female: 41.75 years (2004 est.)

      See also: Healthy Life Expectancy

      See also: Health Performance

      Total fertility rate:
      5.44 children born/woman (2004 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
      6.4% (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
      2.1 million (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - deaths:
      160,000 (2001 est.)

      noun: Ethiopian(s)
      adjective: Ethiopian

      Ethnic groups:
      Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%

      Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, animist 12%, other 3%-8%

      Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)

      definition: age 15 and over can read and write
      total population: 42.7%
      male: 50.3%
      female: 35.1% (2003 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Ethiopia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ethiopia People 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ethiopia People 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)