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    Guinea-Bissau Geography - 2004

      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal

      Geographic coordinates:
      12 00 N, 15 00 W

      Map references:

      total: 36,120 sq km
      water: 8,120 sq km
      land: 28,000 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

      Land boundaries:
      total: 724 km
      border countries: Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km

      350 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

      mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m

      Natural resources:
      fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, unexploited deposits of petroleum

      Land use:
      arable land: 10.67%
      permanent crops: 1.78%
      other: 87.55% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      170 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      this small country is swampy along its western coast and low-lying further inland

      NOTE: The information regarding Guinea-Bissau on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea-Bissau Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea-Bissau Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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