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    Kazakhstan Government - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/kazakhstan/kazakhstan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Kazakhstan
      conventional short form: Kazakhstan
      local long form: Qazaqstan Respublikasy
      former: Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
      local short form: none

      Government type:
      republic

      Capital:
      Astana; note - the government moved from Almaty to Astana in December 1998

      Administrative divisions:
      14 provinces (oblystar, singular - oblys) and 3 cities* (qala, singular - qalasy); Almaty Oblysy, Almaty Qalasy*, Aqmola Oblysy (Astana), Aqtobe Oblysy, Astana Qalasy*, Atyrau Oblysy, Batys Qazaqstan Oblysy (Oral), Bayqongyr Qalasy*, Mangghystau Oblysy (Aqtau), Ongtustik Qazaqstan Oblysy (Shymkent), Pavlodar Oblysy, Qaraghandy Oblysy, Qostanay Oblysy, Qyzylorda Oblysy, Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy (Oskemen), Soltustik Qazaqstan Oblysy (Petropavlovsk), Zhambyl Oblysy (Taraz)
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses); in 1995 the Governments of Kazakhstan and Russia entered into an agreement whereby Russia would lease for a period of 20 years an area of 6,000 sq km enclosing the Baykonur space launch facilities and the city of Bayqongyr (Baykonyr, formerly Leninsk)

      Independence:
      16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

      National holiday:
      Republic Day, 25 October (1990)

      Constitution:
      adopted by national referendum 30 August 1995; first post-independence constitution was adopted 28 January 1993

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 22 February 1990, elected president 1 December 1991)
      head of government: Prime Minister Daniyal AKHMETOV (since 13 June 2003), First Deputy Prime Minister Grigoriy MARCHENKO (since 6 January 2004)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      election results: Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV reelected president; percent of vote - Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV 81.7%, Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN 12.1%, Gani KASYMOV 4.7%, Engels GABBASSOV 1.5%
      note: President NAZARBAYEV expanded his presidential powers by decree: only he can initiate constitutional amendments, appoint and dismiss the government, dissolve Parliament, call referenda at his discretion, and appoint administrative heads of regions and cities
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 10 January 1999, a year before it was previously scheduled (next to be held NA 2006); note - President NAZARBAYEV's previous term was extended to 2000 by a nationwide referendum held 30 April 1995; prime minister and first deputy prime minister appointed by the president

      Legislative branch:
      bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (39 seats; 7 senators are appointed by the president; other members are popularly elected, two from each of the 14 oblasts, the capital of Astana, and the city of Almaty, to serve six-year terms; note - formerly composed of 47 seats) and the Majilis (77 seats; 10 out of the 77 Majilis members are elected from the winning party's lists; members are popularly elected to serve five-year terms)
      election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; candidates nominated by local councils; Majilis - percent of vote by party - Otan 30.9%, Communist Party 17.8%, Agrarian Party 12.6%, Civic Party 11.2%; seats by party - Otan 23, Civic Party 13, Communist Party 3, Agrarian Party 3, People's Cooperative Party 1, independents 34; note - most independent candidates are affiliated with parastatal enterprises and other pro-government institutions
      elections: Senate - (indirect) last held 17 September 1999 (next to be held NA December 2005); Majilis - last held 10 and 24 October and 26 December 1999 (next to be held NA October 2004)

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (44 members); Constitutional Council (7 members)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Agrarian Party [Romin MADINOV]; Ak Zhol Party "White Road" [Bulat ABILOV, Uraz ZHANDOSOV, Zhanat YERTLESOVA, Alikhan BAYMENOV, Altynbek SARSENBAYEV, co-chairs]; ASAR "All Together" [Dariga NAZARBAYEVA, chairwoman]; AUL "Village" [leader NA]; Civic Party [Azat PERUASHEV, first secretary]; Communist Party or KPK [Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN, first secretary]; Otan "Fatherland" [Gani YESIMOV, chairman]; Patriots' Party [Gani KASYMOV]
      note: only eight parties in Kazakhstan have been registered under the new political party law passed in July 2002

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Adil-Soz [Tamara KALEYEVA]; Alash [Sabet-Kazy AKATAY]; AZAMAT "Citizen" Movement [Petr SVOIK, Murat AUEZOV, and Galym ABILSEITOV, cochairmen]; Democratic Choice of Kazakhstan [Galymzhan ZHAKIYANOV, Nurzhan SUBKHANBERDIN, cochairmen]; Labor and Worker's Movement [Madel ISMAILOV, chairman]; Kazakhstan International Bureau on Human Rights [Yevgeniy ZHOVTIS, executive director]; Orleu "Development" Movement [Seidakhmet KUTTYKADAM]; Pensioners Movement or Pokoleniye [Irina SAVOSTINA, chairwoman]; People's Congress of Kazakhstan of NKK [Olzhas SULEIMENOV, chairman]; People's Cooperative Party of Kazakhstan [Umirzak SARSENOV]; Republican People's Party of Kazakhstan or RNPK [Akezhan KAZHEGELDIN]; Socialist Party [Petr SVOIK]

      International organization participation:
      AsDB, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS (observer), OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Kanat B. SAUDABAYEV
      FAX: [1] (202) 232-5845
      consulate(s): New York
      telephone: [1] (202) 232-5488
      chancery: 1401 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Larry C. NAPPER
      embassy: 99/97A Furmanova Street, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan 480091
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [7] (3272) 63-39-21, 63-13-75, 50-76-23, 50-76-27 (emergency number)
      FAX: [7] (3272) 63-38-83

      Flag description:
      sky blue background representing the endless sky and a gold sun with 32 rays soaring above a golden steppe eagle in the center; on the hoist side is a "national ornamentation" in gold


      NOTE: The information regarding Kazakhstan on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kazakhstan Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kazakhstan Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/kazakhstan/kazakhstan_government.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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