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    Korea, South Geography - 2004

      Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

      Geographic coordinates:
      37 00 N, 127 30 E

      Map references:

      total: 98,480 sq km
      land: 98,190 sq km
      water: 290 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 238 km
      border countries: North Korea 238 km

      2,413 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM; between 3 NM and 12 NM in the Korea Strait
      continental shelf: not specified
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

      mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
      highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m

      Natural resources:
      coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential

      Land use:
      arable land: 17.44%
      permanent crops: 2.05%
      other: 80.51% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      11,590 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location on Korea Strait

      NOTE: The information regarding Korea, South on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Korea, South Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Korea, South Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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