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    Netherlands Geography - 2004

      Western Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany

      Geographic coordinates:
      52 30 N, 5 45 E

      Map references:

      total: 41,526 sq km
      water: 7,643 sq km
      land: 33,883 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,027 km
      border countries: Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km

      451 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

      temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

      mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Zuidplaspolder -7 m
      highest point: Vaalserberg 322 m

      Natural resources:
      natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 26.53%
      other: 72.44% (1998 est.)
      permanent crops: 1.03%

      Irrigated land:
      5,650 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

      Geography - note:
      located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

      NOTE: The information regarding Netherlands on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Netherlands Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Netherlands Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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