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    Sao Tome and Principe Geography - 2004

      Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon

      Geographic coordinates:
      1 00 N, 7 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 1,001 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1,001 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      more than five times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      209 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)

      volcanic, mountainous

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico de Sao Tome 2,024 m

      Natural resources:
      fish, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 2%
      permanent crops: 41%
      other: 57% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      100 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion and exhaustion

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      the smallest country in Africa; the two main islands form part of a chain of extinct volcanoes and both are fairly mountainous

      NOTE: The information regarding Sao Tome and Principe on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sao Tome and Principe Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sao Tome and Principe Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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