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    Tanzania People - 2004

      note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)

      Age structure:
      0-14 years: 44.2% (male 8,102,692; female 8,055,370)
      15-64 years: 53.2% (male 9,646,342; female 9,834,925)
      65 years and over: 2.6% (male 410,477; female 538,419) (2004 est.)

      Median age:
      total: 17.6 years
      male: 17.3 years
      female: 17.8 years (2004 est.)

      Population growth rate:
      1.95% (2004 est.)

      Birth rate:
      39 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)

      Death rate:
      17.45 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)

      Net migration rate:
      -2.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

      Sex ratio:
      at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
      total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

      Infant mortality rate:
      total: 102.13 deaths/1,000 live births
      female: 92.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
      male: 111.62 deaths/1,000 live births

      Life expectancy at birth:
      total population: 44.39 years
      male: 43.2 years
      female: 45.61 years (2004 est.)

      See also: Healthy Life Expectancy

      See also: Health Performance

      Total fertility rate:
      5.15 children born/woman (2004 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
      7.8% (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
      1.5 million (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - deaths:
      140,000 (2001 est.)

      noun: Tanzanian(s)
      adjective: Tanzanian

      Ethnic groups:
      mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African

      mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

      Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
      note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

      definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
      total population: 78.2%
      male: 85.9%
      female: 70.7% (2003 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania People 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania People 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)