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    Thailand Geography - 2004

      Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

      Geographic coordinates:
      15 00 N, 100 00 E

      Map references:
      Southeast Asia

      total: 514,000 sq km
      water: 2,230 sq km
      land: 511,770 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,863 km
      border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

      3,219 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

      central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
      highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

      Natural resources:
      tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 32.88%
      permanent crops: 7%
      other: 60.12% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      47,490 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore

      NOTE: The information regarding Thailand on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Thailand Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Thailand Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)