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    Vietnam Geography - 2004

      Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia

      Geographic coordinates:
      16 00 N, 106 00 E

      Map references:
      Southeast Asia

      total: 329,560 sq km
      land: 325,360 sq km
      water: 4,200 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,639 km
      border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km

      3,444 km (excludes islands)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      contiguous zone: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (mid-May to mid-September) and warm, dry season (mid-October to mid-March)

      low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
      highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m

      Natural resources:
      phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 17.41%
      permanent crops: 4.71%
      other: 77.88% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      30,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta

      Environment - current issues:
      logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      extending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point

      NOTE: The information regarding Vietnam on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Vietnam Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Vietnam Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)