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    Virgin Islands Geography - 2004

      Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

      Geographic coordinates:
      18 20 N, 64 50 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 352 sq km
      water: 3 sq km
      land: 349 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      188 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      subtropical, tempered by easterly trade winds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November

      mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m

      Natural resources:
      sun, sand, sea, surf

      Land use:
      arable land: 15%
      permanent crops: 6%
      other: 79% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      several hurricanes in recent years; frequent and severe droughts and floods; occasional earthquakes

      Environment - current issues:
      lack of natural freshwater resources

      Geography - note:
      important location along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the Caribbean

      NOTE: The information regarding Virgin Islands on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Virgin Islands Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Virgin Islands Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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