਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ Macedonia Government 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

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਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




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਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀㌀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Country name:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀 䴀愀欀攀搀漀渀椀樀愀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䴀愀欀攀搀漀渀椀樀愀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: the provisional designation used by the UN, EU, and NATO is the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (FYROM)਍ ഀ
former: People's Republic of Macedonia, Socialist Republic of Macedonia਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Government type:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 瀀愀爀氀椀愀洀攀渀琀愀爀礀 搀攀洀漀挀爀愀挀礀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀挀愀瀀椀琀愀氀∀㸀䌀愀瀀椀琀愀氀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ name: Skopje਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀 挀漀漀爀搀椀渀愀琀攀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 㐀㈀    一Ⰰ ㈀㄀ ㈀㘀 䔀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀琀椀洀攀 搀椀昀昀攀爀攀渀挀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 唀吀䌀⬀㄀ ⠀㘀 栀漀甀爀猀 愀栀攀愀搀 漀昀 圀愀猀栀椀渀最琀漀渀Ⰰ 䐀䌀 搀甀爀椀渀最 匀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀 吀椀洀攀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀搀愀礀氀椀最栀琀 猀愀瘀椀渀最 琀椀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ⬀㄀栀爀Ⰰ 戀攀最椀渀猀 氀愀猀琀 匀甀渀搀愀礀 椀渀 䴀愀爀挀栀㬀 攀渀搀猀 氀愀猀琀 匀甀渀搀愀礀 椀渀 伀挀琀漀戀攀爀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀瘀攀开搀椀瘀椀猀椀漀渀猀∀㸀䄀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 搀椀瘀椀猀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 84 municipalities (opstini, singular - opstina); Aerodrom (Skopje), Aracinovo, Berovo, Bitola, Bogdanci, Bogovinje, Bosilovo, Brvenica, Butel (Skopje), Cair (Skopje), Caska, Centar (Skopje), Centar Zupa, Cesinovo, Cucer Sandevo, Debar, Debarca, Delcevo, Demir Hisar, Demir Kapija, Dojran, Dolneni, Dorce Petrov (Gjorce Petrov) (Skopje), Drugovo, Gazi Baba (Skopje), Gevgelija, Gostivar, Gradsko, Ilinden, Jegunovce, Karbinci, Karpos (Skopje), Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kisela Voda (Skopje), Kocani, Konce, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krivogastani, Krusevo, Kumanovo, Lipkovo, Lozovo, Makedonska Kamenica, Makedonski Brod, Mavrovo i Rostusa, Mogila, Negotino, Novaci, Novo Selo, Ohrid, Oslomej, Pehcevo, Petrovec, Plasnica, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Rankovce, Resen, Rosoman, Saraj (Skopje), Sopiste, Staro Nagoricane, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Studenicani, Suto Orizari (Skopje), Sveti Nikole, Tearce, Tetovo, Valandovo, Vasilevo, Veles, Vevcani, Vinica, Vranestica, Vrapciste, Zajas, Zelenikovo, Zelino, Zrnovci਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 琀栀攀 ㄀  洀甀渀椀挀椀瀀愀氀椀琀椀攀猀 昀漀氀氀漀眀攀搀 戀礀 匀欀漀瀀樀攀 椀渀 瀀愀爀攀渀琀栀攀猀攀猀 挀漀氀氀攀挀琀椀瘀攀氀礀 挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀攀 琀栀攀 氀愀爀最攀爀 匀欀漀瀀樀攀 䴀甀渀椀挀椀瀀愀氀椀琀礀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀∀㸀䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 8 September 1991 (referendum by registered voters endorsed independence from Yugoslavia)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National holiday:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀 䐀愀礀Ⰰ 㠀 匀攀瀀琀攀洀戀攀爀 ⠀㄀㤀㤀㄀⤀㬀 愀氀猀漀 欀渀漀眀渀 愀猀 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䐀愀礀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀∀㸀䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ adopted 17 November 1991, effective 20 November 1991; amended November 2001, 2005 and in 2009਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 愀洀攀渀搀攀搀 一漀瘀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀  ㄀ 戀礀 愀 猀攀爀椀攀猀 漀昀 渀攀眀 挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀洀攀渀搀洀攀渀琀猀 猀琀爀攀渀最琀栀攀渀椀渀最 洀椀渀漀爀椀琀礀 爀椀最栀琀猀Ⰰ 椀渀 ㈀  㔀 眀椀琀栀 愀洀攀渀搀洀攀渀琀猀 爀攀氀愀琀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 樀甀搀椀挀椀愀爀礀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 椀渀 ㈀  㤀 眀椀琀栀 愀洀攀渀搀洀攀渀琀猀 爀攀氀愀琀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 琀栀爀攀猀栀漀氀搀 爀攀焀甀椀爀攀搀 琀漀 攀氀攀挀琀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀氀攀最愀氀开猀礀猀琀攀洀∀㸀䰀攀最愀氀 猀礀猀琀攀洀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

International law organization participation:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 猀甀戀洀椀琀琀攀搀 愀渀 䤀䌀䨀 樀甀爀椀猀搀椀挀琀椀漀渀 搀攀挀氀愀爀愀琀椀漀渀㬀 愀挀挀攀瀀琀猀 䤀䌀䌀琀 樀甀爀椀猀搀椀挀琀椀漀渀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀∀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 18 years of age; universal਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀⼀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Executive branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 猀琀愀琀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 倀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 䜀樀漀爀最攀 䤀嘀䄀一伀嘀 ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㄀㈀ 䴀愀礀 ㈀  㤀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ
head of government: Prime Minister Nikola GRUEVSKI (since 26 August 2006)਍ ഀ
cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the majority vote of all the deputies in the Assembly; note - current cabinet formed by the government coalition parties VMRO-DPMNE, BDI/DUI, and several small parties਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); two-round election: first round held on 22 March 2009, second round held on 5 April 2009 (next to be held in March 2014); prime minister elected by the Assembly following legislative elections; the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually elected prime minister਍ ഀ
election results: Gjorge IVANOV elected president on second-round ballot; percent of vote - Gjorge IVANOV 63.1%, Ljubomir FRCKOSKI 36.9%਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legislative branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 甀渀椀挀愀洀攀爀愀氀 䄀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀 漀爀 匀漀戀爀愀渀椀攀 ⠀㄀㈀㌀ 猀攀愀琀猀㬀 愀氀氀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 昀爀漀洀 瀀愀爀琀礀 氀椀猀琀猀 戀愀猀攀搀 漀渀 琀栀攀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀愀最攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 漀瘀攀爀愀氀氀 瘀漀琀攀 琀栀攀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀 最愀椀渀 椀渀 攀愀挀栀 漀昀 猀椀砀 攀氀攀挀琀漀爀愀氀 愀渀搀 琀栀爀攀攀 搀椀愀猀瀀漀爀愀 搀椀猀琀爀椀挀琀猀㬀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀漀甀爀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 㔀 䨀甀渀攀 ㈀ ㄀㄀ ⠀渀攀砀琀 琀漀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 戀礀 䨀甀渀攀 ㈀ ㄀㔀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 嘀䴀刀伀ⴀ䐀倀䴀一䔀ⴀ氀攀搀 戀氀漀挀欀 ㌀㤀─Ⰰ 匀䐀匀䴀ⴀ氀攀搀 戀氀漀挀欀 ㌀㈀⸀㠀─Ⰰ 䈀䐀䤀⼀䐀唀䤀 ㄀ ⸀㈀─Ⰰ 倀䐀匀栀⼀䐀倀䄀 㔀⸀㤀─Ⰰ 漀琀栀攀爀 ㄀㈀⸀㄀─㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 嘀䴀刀伀ⴀ䐀倀䴀一䔀ⴀ氀攀搀 戀氀漀挀欀 㘀㌀Ⰰ 匀䐀匀䴀ⴀ氀攀搀 戀氀漀挀欀 ㈀㜀Ⰰ 䈀䐀䤀⼀䐀唀䤀 ㄀㠀Ⰰ 倀䐀匀栀⼀䐀倀䄀 ㄀㄀Ⰰ 倀䔀䤀 ㄀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀开戀爀愀渀挀栀∀㸀䨀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Supreme Court; Constitutional Court; Judicial Council਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 琀栀攀 䨀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀猀 琀栀攀 樀甀搀最攀猀㬀 䰀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀瘀攀 䄀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀猀 䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀爀琀 䨀甀搀最攀猀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀开瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀开愀渀搀开氀攀愀搀攀爀猀∀㸀倀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀 愀渀搀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Albanian Democratic Resistance or PDK [Rufi OSMANI]; Democratic Alliance or DS [Pavle TRAJANOV]; Democratic Party of Serbs in Macedonia [Ivan STOILJKOVIC]; Democratic Party of the Albanians or PDSh/DPA [Menduh THACI]; Democratic Party of Turks in Macedonia [Kenan HASIPI]; Democratic Union for Integration or BDI/DUI [Ali AHMETI]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization--Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (VMRO-DPMNE) [Nikola GRUEVSKI]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Risto PENOV]; Liberal Party [Borce STOJANOVSKI]; Movement for Reconstruction of Macedonia or DOM [Liljana POPOVSKA]; New Alternative [Gjorgji OROVCANEC]; New Democracy or DR [Imer SELMANI]; New Social-Democratic Party or NSDP [Tito PETKOVSKI]; Party for Democratic Action in Macedonia or SDAM [Avdija PEPIC]; Party for European Future or PEI [Fijat CANOSKI]; Social-Democratic Union of Macedonia or SDSM [Branko CRVENKOVSKI]; Socialist Party or SP [Ljubisav IVANOV-DZINGO]; Union of Roma of Macedonia [Amdi BAJRAM]; United for Macedonia or OM [Ljube BOSKOVSKI]; VMRO-Macedonian [Borislav STOJMENOV]; VMRO-People's Party or VMRO-NP [Ljubco GEORGIEVSKI]਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political pressure groups and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䘀攀搀攀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䘀爀攀攀 吀爀愀搀攀 唀渀椀漀渀猀 嬀刀愀猀欀漀 䴀䤀匀䠀䬀伀匀䬀䤀崀㬀 䘀攀搀攀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 吀爀愀搀攀 唀渀椀漀渀猀 嬀娀椀瘀欀漀 䴀䤀吀刀䔀嘀匀䬀䤀崀㬀 吀爀愀搀攀 唀渀椀漀渀 漀昀 䔀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 匀挀椀攀渀挀攀 愀渀搀 䌀甀氀琀甀爀攀 嬀夀愀欀椀洀 一䔀䐀䔀䰀䬀伀嘀崀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀愀戀戀爀攀瘀椀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ BIS, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, EU (candidate country), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation in the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 娀漀爀愀渀 䨀伀䰀䔀嘀匀䬀䤀ഀ ਍ഀ
chancery: 2129 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008਍ ഀ
telephone: [1] (202) 667-0501਍ ഀ
FAX: [1] (202) 667-2131਍ ഀ
consulate(s) general: Southfield (Michigan), Chicago਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation from the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 倀愀甀氀 䐀⸀ 圀伀䠀䰀䔀刀匀ഀ ਍ഀ
embassy: Str. Samolilova, Nr. 21, 1000 Skopje਍ ഀ
mailing address: American Embassy Skopje, US Department of State, 7120 Skopje Place, Washington, DC 20521-7120 (pouch)਍ ഀ
telephone: [389] 2 310-2000਍ ഀ
FAX: [389] 2 310-2499਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Flag description:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 愀 礀攀氀氀漀眀 猀甀渀 ⠀琀栀攀 匀甀渀 漀昀 䰀椀戀攀爀琀礀⤀ 眀椀琀栀 攀椀最栀琀 戀爀漀愀搀攀渀椀渀最 爀愀礀猀 攀砀琀攀渀搀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 攀搀最攀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 爀攀搀 昀椀攀氀搀㬀 琀栀攀 爀攀搀 愀渀搀 礀攀氀氀漀眀 挀漀氀漀爀猀 栀愀瘀攀 氀漀渀最 戀攀攀渀 愀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀攀搀 眀椀琀栀 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开猀礀洀戀漀氀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀礀洀戀漀氀⠀猀⤀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ eight-rayed sun਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National anthem:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ∀䐀攀渀攀猀 一愀搀 䴀愀欀攀搀漀渀椀樀愀∀ ⠀吀漀搀愀礀 伀瘀攀爀 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ

਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀樀眀瀀氀愀礀攀爀⸀樀猀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀ ਍ഀ
lyrics/music: Vlado MALESKI/Todor SKALOVSKI਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 ㄀㤀㤀㄀㬀 琀栀攀 猀漀渀最Ⰰ 眀爀椀琀琀攀渀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㐀㌀Ⰰ 瀀爀攀瘀椀漀甀猀氀礀 猀攀爀瘀攀搀 愀猀 琀栀攀 愀渀琀栀攀洀 漀昀 琀栀攀 匀漀挀椀愀氀椀猀琀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 眀栀椀氀攀 瀀愀爀琀 漀昀 夀甀最漀猀氀愀瘀椀愀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀瀀㸀 ഀഀ
਍㰀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍一伀吀䔀㨀 吀栀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 漀渀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 椀猀 爀攀ⴀ瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀 䈀漀漀欀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䤀渀琀攀氀氀椀最攀渀挀攀 䄀最攀渀挀礀⸀ 一漀 挀氀愀椀洀猀 愀爀攀 洀愀搀攀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 愀挀挀甀爀愀挀礀 漀昀 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 栀攀爀攀⸀ 䄀氀氀 猀甀最最攀猀琀椀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 挀漀爀爀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 愀渀礀 攀爀爀漀爀猀 愀戀漀甀琀 䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀䤀䄀⸀ ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

਍ഀഀ
਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ ⴀ 倀氀攀愀猀攀 戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 ⠀愀搀搀 椀琀 琀漀 礀漀甀爀 昀愀瘀漀爀椀琀攀猀⤀⸀ഀഀ
਍ ⴀ 䤀昀 礀漀甀 眀椀猀栀 琀漀 㰀戀㸀氀椀渀欀㰀⼀戀㸀 琀漀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀Ⰰ 礀漀甀 挀愀渀 搀漀 猀漀 戀礀 爀攀昀攀爀爀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 唀刀䰀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀 戀攀氀漀眀 琀栀椀猀 氀椀渀攀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ
਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ

਍吀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 眀愀猀 氀愀猀琀 洀漀搀椀昀椀攀搀  㜀ⴀ䴀愀爀ⴀ㄀㈀ 㰀戀爀㸀 ഀഀ Copyright © 1995-2012 ITA all rights reserved.਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㈀   瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀最栀琀开戀氀甀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀ
਍ഀഀഀ
਍㰀⼀昀漀爀洀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
  • |Main INDEX|਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀㈀ ㄀㈀ 䤀一䐀䔀堀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Country Ranks਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䐀䔀䘀䤀一䤀吀䤀伀一匀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 䤀渀搀攀砀 ㈀ ㄀㈀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀挀甀爀爀攀渀琀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䴀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀 䴀愀椀渀 䤀渀搀攀砀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Introduction਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀漀爀欀洀愀氀氀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  ㄀⼀礀甀最漀猀氀愀瘀椀愀⼀礀甀最漀猀氀愀瘀椀愀开栀椀猀琀漀爀礀开椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Geography ਍ 㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开琀栀攀开昀漀爀洀攀爀开礀甀最漀猀氀愀瘀开爀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀开漀昀⼀挀氀椀洀愀琀攀⼀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开琀栀攀开昀漀爀洀攀爀开礀甀最漀猀氀愀瘀开爀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀开漀昀开挀氀椀洀愀琀攀开挀氀椀洀愀琀攀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀氀椀洀愀琀攀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  •   Maps
    ਍ഀഀ
  • People
    ਍㰀⼀戀㸀ഀഀ   Religion਍㰀戀㸀㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀䈀㸀ഀഀ ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开挀栀椀攀昀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀 䜀漀瘀⸀ 䰀攀愀搀攀爀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
     Flags਍㰀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开攀挀漀渀漀洀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀挀漀渀漀洀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Communications਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀洀愀挀攀搀漀渀椀愀开琀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
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