਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ Uzbekistan Government 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

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਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




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਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 㠀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Country name:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 伀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀漀渀 刀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀猀椀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 伀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀漀渀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀昀漀爀洀攀爀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 唀稀戀攀欀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀 匀漀挀椀愀氀椀猀琀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀开琀礀瀀攀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 琀礀瀀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Capital:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 吀愀猀栀欀攀渀琀 ⠀吀漀猀栀欀攀渀琀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ
geographic coordinates: 41 20 N, 69 18 E਍ ഀ
time difference: UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Administrative divisions:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㄀㈀ 瀀爀漀瘀椀渀挀攀猀 ⠀瘀椀氀漀礀愀琀氀愀爀Ⰰ 猀椀渀最甀氀愀爀 ⴀ 瘀椀氀漀礀愀琀⤀Ⰰ ㄀ 愀甀琀漀渀漀洀漀甀猀 爀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀⨀ ⠀爀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀⤀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 ㄀ 挀椀琀礀⨀⨀ ⠀猀栀愀栀愀爀⤀㬀 䄀渀搀椀樀漀渀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀Ⰰ 䈀甀砀漀爀漀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀Ⰰ 䘀愀爀最✀漀渀愀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀Ⰰ 䨀椀稀稀愀砀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀Ⰰ 一愀洀愀渀最愀渀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀Ⰰ 一愀瘀漀椀礀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀Ⰰ 儀愀猀栀焀愀搀愀爀礀漀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀 ⠀儀愀爀猀栀椀⤀Ⰰ 儀漀爀愀焀愀氀瀀漀最✀椀猀琀漀渀 刀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀猀椀 嬀䬀愀爀愀欀愀氀瀀愀欀猀琀愀渀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀崀⨀ ⠀一甀欀甀猀⤀Ⰰ 匀愀洀愀爀焀愀渀搀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀Ⰰ 匀椀爀搀愀爀礀漀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀 ⠀䜀甀氀椀猀琀漀渀⤀Ⰰ 匀甀爀砀漀渀搀愀爀礀漀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀 ⠀吀攀爀洀椀稀⤀Ⰰ 吀漀猀栀欀攀渀琀 匀栀愀栀爀椀 嬀吀愀猀栀欀攀渀琀 䌀椀琀礀崀⨀⨀Ⰰ 吀漀猀栀欀攀渀琀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀 嬀吀愀猀栀欀攀渀琀 瀀爀漀瘀椀渀挀攀崀Ⰰ 堀漀爀愀稀洀 嘀椀氀漀礀愀琀椀 ⠀唀爀最愀渀挀栀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Independence:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㄀ 匀攀瀀琀攀洀戀攀爀 ㄀㤀㤀㄀ ⠀昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀 唀渀椀漀渀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开栀漀氀椀搀愀礀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 栀漀氀椀搀愀礀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Independence Day, 1 September (1991)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Constitution:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 㠀 䐀攀挀攀洀戀攀爀 ㄀㤀㤀㈀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀氀攀最愀氀开猀礀猀琀攀洀∀㸀䰀攀最愀氀 猀礀猀琀攀洀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ civil law system਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

International law organization participation:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 猀甀戀洀椀琀琀攀搀 愀渀 䤀䌀䨀 樀甀爀椀猀搀椀挀琀椀漀渀 搀攀挀氀愀爀愀琀椀漀渀㬀 渀漀渀ⴀ瀀愀爀琀礀 猀琀愀琀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䤀䌀䌀琀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀∀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 18 years of age; universal਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀⼀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Executive branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 猀琀愀琀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 倀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 䤀猀氀漀洀 䬀䄀刀䤀䴀伀嘀 ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㈀㐀 䴀愀爀挀栀 ㄀㤀㤀 Ⰰ 眀栀攀渀 栀攀 眀愀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 戀礀 琀栀攀 琀栀攀渀 匀甀瀀爀攀洀攀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀㬀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 漀昀 椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀琀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㤀㄀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ
head of government: Prime Minister Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV (since 11 December 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister Rustam AZIMOV (since 2 January 2008)਍ ഀ
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president with approval of the Supreme Assembly਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term; previously was a five-year term, extended by constitutional amendment in 2002); election last held on 23 December 2007 (next to be held in 2014); prime minister, ministers, and deputy ministers appointed by the president਍ ഀ
election results: Islom KARIMOV reelected president; percent of vote - Islom KARIMOV 88.1%, Asliddin RUSTAMOV 3.2%, Dilorom T0SHMUHAMEDOVA 2.9%, Akmal SAIDOV 2.6%, other 3.2%਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legislative branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 戀椀挀愀洀攀爀愀氀 匀甀瀀爀攀洀攀 䄀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀 漀爀 伀氀椀礀 䴀愀樀氀椀猀 挀漀渀猀椀猀琀猀 漀昀 愀渀 甀瀀瀀攀爀 栀漀甀猀攀 漀爀 匀攀渀愀琀攀 ⠀㄀   猀攀愀琀猀㬀 㠀㐀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 爀攀最椀漀渀愀氀 最漀瘀攀爀渀椀渀最 挀漀甀渀挀椀氀猀 愀渀搀 ㄀㘀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀㬀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 琀漀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀椀瘀攀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀⤀ 愀渀搀 愀 氀漀眀攀爀 栀漀甀猀攀 漀爀 䰀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀瘀攀 䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 ⠀儀漀渀甀渀挀栀椀氀椀欀 倀愀氀愀琀愀猀椀⤀ ⠀㄀㔀  猀攀愀琀猀㬀 ㄀㌀㔀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 琀漀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀椀瘀攀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀Ⰰ 眀栀椀氀攀 ㄀㔀 猀瀀漀琀猀 爀攀猀攀爀瘀攀搀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 渀攀眀 䔀挀漀氀漀最椀挀愀氀 䴀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀 漀昀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 ㈀㜀 䐀攀挀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀  㤀 愀渀搀 ㄀  䨀愀渀甀愀爀礀 ㈀ ㄀  ⠀渀攀砀琀 琀漀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 椀渀 䐀攀挀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀ ㄀㐀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 匀攀渀愀琀攀 ⴀ 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 一䄀㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 一䄀㬀 䰀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀瘀攀 䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 ⴀ 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 一䄀㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 䰀䐀倀唀 㔀㌀Ⰰ 一䐀倀 ㌀㈀Ⰰ 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 刀攀戀椀爀琀栀 倀愀爀琀礀 ㌀㄀Ⰰ 䄀搀漀氀愀琀 ㄀㤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: all parties in the Supreme Assembly support President KARIMOV਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Judicial branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 匀甀瀀爀攀洀攀 䌀漀甀爀琀 ⠀樀甀搀最攀猀 愀爀攀 渀漀洀椀渀愀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀昀椀爀洀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 匀甀瀀爀攀洀攀 䄀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀开瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀开愀渀搀开氀攀愀搀攀爀猀∀㸀倀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀 愀渀搀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Adolat (Justice) Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan; Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan; Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan or LDPU; National Rebirth Party of Uzbekistan (Milliy Tiklanish); People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan or NDP (formerly Communist Party)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political pressure groups and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 琀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 渀漀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀挀愀渀琀 漀瀀瀀漀猀椀琀椀漀渀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀 漀爀 瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀 最爀漀甀瀀猀 漀瀀攀爀愀琀椀渀最 椀渀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀愀戀戀爀攀瘀椀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ADB, CICA, CIS, CSTO, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SCO, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation in the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 䤀氀砀愀洀搀樀愀渀 一䔀䴀䄀吀伀嘀ഀ ਍ഀ
chancery: 1746 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036਍ ഀ
telephone: [1] (202) 887-5300਍ ഀ
FAX: [1] (202) 293-6804਍ ഀ
consulate(s) general: New York਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation from the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 䜀攀漀爀最攀 䬀刀伀䰀ഀ ਍ഀ
embassy: 3 Moyqo'rq'on, 5th Block, Yunusobod District, Tashkent 100093਍ ഀ
mailing address: use embassy street address਍ ഀ
telephone: [998] (71) 120-5450਍ ഀ
FAX: [998] (71) 120-6335਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Flag description:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 琀栀爀攀攀 攀焀甀愀氀 栀漀爀椀稀漀渀琀愀氀 戀愀渀搀猀 漀昀 戀氀甀攀 ⠀琀漀瀀⤀Ⰰ 眀栀椀琀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 最爀攀攀渀 猀攀瀀愀爀愀琀攀搀 戀礀 爀攀搀 昀椀洀戀爀椀愀琀椀漀渀猀 眀椀琀栀 愀 眀栀椀琀攀 挀爀攀猀挀攀渀琀 洀漀漀渀 ⠀挀氀漀猀攀搀 猀椀搀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 栀漀椀猀琀⤀ 愀渀搀 ㄀㈀ 眀栀椀琀攀 猀琀愀爀猀 猀栀椀昀琀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 栀漀椀猀琀 漀渀 琀栀攀 琀漀瀀 戀愀渀搀㬀 戀氀甀攀 椀猀 琀栀攀 挀漀氀漀爀 漀昀 琀栀攀 吀甀爀欀椀挀 瀀攀漀瀀氀攀猀 愀渀搀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀欀礀Ⰰ 眀栀椀琀攀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀攀猀 瀀攀愀挀攀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 猀琀爀椀瘀椀渀最 昀漀爀 瀀甀爀椀琀礀 椀渀 琀栀漀甀最栀琀猀 愀渀搀 搀攀攀搀猀Ⰰ 眀栀椀氀攀 最爀攀攀渀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀猀 渀愀琀甀爀攀 愀渀搀 椀猀 琀栀攀 挀漀氀漀爀 漀昀 䤀猀氀愀洀㬀 琀栀攀 爀攀搀 猀琀爀椀瀀攀猀 愀爀攀 琀栀攀 瘀椀琀愀氀 昀漀爀挀攀 漀昀 愀氀氀 氀椀瘀椀渀最 漀爀最愀渀椀猀洀猀 琀栀愀琀 氀椀渀欀猀 最漀漀搀 愀渀搀 瀀甀爀攀 椀搀攀愀猀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀攀 攀琀攀爀渀愀氀 猀欀礀 愀渀搀 眀椀琀栀 搀攀攀搀猀 漀渀 攀愀爀琀栀㬀 琀栀攀 挀爀攀猀挀攀渀琀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀猀 䤀猀氀愀洀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 ㄀㈀ 猀琀愀爀猀 琀栀攀 洀漀渀琀栀猀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀猀琀攀氀氀愀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀稀戀攀欀 挀愀氀攀渀搀愀爀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开猀礀洀戀漀氀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀礀洀戀漀氀⠀猀⤀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ khumo (mythical bird)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National anthem:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ∀伀✀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀漀渀 刀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀猀椀渀椀渀最 䐀愀瘀氀愀琀 䴀愀搀栀椀礀愀猀椀∀ ⠀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䄀渀琀栀攀洀 漀昀 琀栀攀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ

਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀樀眀瀀氀愀礀攀爀⸀樀猀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀ ਍ഀ
lyrics/music: Abdulla ARIPOV/Mutal BURHANOV਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 ㄀㤀㤀㈀㬀 愀昀琀攀爀 琀栀攀 昀愀氀氀 漀昀 琀栀攀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀 唀渀椀漀渀Ⰰ 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 欀攀瀀琀 琀栀攀 洀甀猀椀挀 漀昀 琀栀攀 愀渀琀栀攀洀 昀爀漀洀 椀琀猀 琀椀洀攀 愀猀 愀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 戀甀琀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 渀攀眀 氀礀爀椀挀猀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀瀀㸀 ഀഀ
਍㰀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍一伀吀䔀㨀 吀栀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 漀渀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 椀猀 爀攀ⴀ瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀 䈀漀漀欀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䤀渀琀攀氀氀椀最攀渀挀攀 䄀最攀渀挀礀⸀ 一漀 挀氀愀椀洀猀 愀爀攀 洀愀搀攀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 愀挀挀甀爀愀挀礀 漀昀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 栀攀爀攀⸀ 䄀氀氀 猀甀最最攀猀琀椀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 挀漀爀爀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 愀渀礀 攀爀爀漀爀猀 愀戀漀甀琀 唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀䤀䄀⸀ ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

਍ഀഀ
਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ ⴀ 倀氀攀愀猀攀 戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 ⠀愀搀搀 椀琀 琀漀 礀漀甀爀 昀愀瘀漀爀椀琀攀猀⤀⸀ഀഀ
਍ ⴀ 䤀昀 礀漀甀 眀椀猀栀 琀漀 㰀戀㸀氀椀渀欀㰀⼀戀㸀 琀漀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀Ⰰ 礀漀甀 挀愀渀 搀漀 猀漀 戀礀 爀攀昀攀爀爀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 唀刀䰀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀 戀攀氀漀眀 琀栀椀猀 氀椀渀攀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ
਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ

਍吀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 眀愀猀 氀愀猀琀 洀漀搀椀昀椀攀搀  㜀ⴀ䴀愀爀ⴀ㄀㈀ 㰀戀爀㸀 ഀഀ Copyright © 1995-2012 ITA all rights reserved.਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㈀   瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀最栀琀开戀氀甀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀ
਍ഀഀഀ
਍㰀⼀昀漀爀洀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
  • |Main INDEX|਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀㈀ ㄀㈀ 䤀一䐀䔀堀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Country Ranks਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䐀䔀䘀䤀一䤀吀䤀伀一匀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 䤀渀搀攀砀 ㈀ ㄀㈀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀挀甀爀爀攀渀琀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀唀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀 䴀愀椀渀 䤀渀搀攀砀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Introduction਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀漀爀欀洀愀氀氀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  ㄀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开栀椀猀琀漀爀礀开椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Geography ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀⼀挀氀椀洀愀琀攀⼀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开挀氀椀洀愀琀攀开挀氀椀洀愀琀攀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀氀椀洀愀琀攀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  •   Maps
    ਍ഀഀ
  • People
    ਍㰀⼀戀㸀ഀഀ   Religion਍㰀戀㸀㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀䈀㸀ഀഀ ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开挀栀椀攀昀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀 䜀漀瘀⸀ 䰀攀愀搀攀爀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
     Flags਍㰀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开攀挀漀渀漀洀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀挀漀渀漀洀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Communications਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  ㄀⼀愀椀爀瀀漀爀琀开挀漀搀攀猀开愀氀瀀栀愀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䄀椀爀瀀漀爀琀 䌀漀搀攀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀甀稀戀攀欀椀猀琀愀渀开洀椀氀椀琀愀爀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䴀椀氀椀琀愀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
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