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    Bahrain Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/bahrain/bahrain_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      In well-to-do Bahrain, petroleum production and refining account for about 60% of export receipts, 60% of government revenues, and 30% of GDP. With its highly developed communication and transport facilities, Bahrain is home to numerous multinational firms with business in the Gulf. Bahrain is dependent on Saudi Arabia for oil granted as aid. A large share of exports consist of petroleum products made from refining imported crude. Construction proceeds on several major industrial projects. Unemployment, especially among the young, and the depletion of oil and underground water resources are major long-term economic problems.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $11.38 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3.6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $17,100 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 1%
      industry: 35%
      services: 64% (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA% (2000)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      0.4% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      295,000
      note: 44% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (1998 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      industry, commerce, and service 79%, government 20%, agriculture 1% (1997 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      15% (1998 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $1.8 billion
      expenditures: $2.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $700 million (2002 est.)

      Industries:
      petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, offshore banking, ship repairing; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      2% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      6.257 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      5.819 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      43,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      31,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      125 million bbl (1 January 2003)

      Natural gas - production:
      8.9 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      8.9 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      46 billion cu m (1 January 2003)

      Agriculture - products:
      fruit, vegetables; poultry, dairy products; shrimp, fish

      Exports:
      $6.492 billion (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles

      Exports - partners:
      US 4.5%, India 3.2%, Saudi Arabia 2.1% (2002)

      Imports:
      $5.126 billion (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      crude oil, machinery, chemicals

      Imports - partners:
      Saudi Arabia 29.5%, US 11.4%, Japan 7%, Germany 6.4%, UK 5.5% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $5.9 billion (2003)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $150 million; note - $50 million annually since 1992 from each of Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Kuwait (2002)

      Currency:
      Bahraini dinar (BHD)

      Currency code:
      BHD

      Exchange rates:
      Bahraini dinars per US dollar - 0.38 (2003), 0.38 (2002), 0.38 (2001), 0.38 (2000), 0.38 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bahrain Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/bahrain/bahrain_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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