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    Burkina Faso Index


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    Burkina Faso Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/burkina_faso/burkina_faso_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      One of the poorest countries in the world, landlocked Burkina Faso has few natural resources, a fragile soil, and a highly unequal distribution of income. About 90% of the population is engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture, which is vulnerable to variations in rainfall. Cotton is the key crop. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the African franc currency devaluation in January 1994 the government updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies, and exports and economic growth have increased. Maintenance of macroeconomic progress depends on continued low inflation, reduction in the trade deficit, and reforms designed to encourage private investment. The internal crisis in neighboring Cote d'Ivoire continues to hurt trade and industrial prospects and deepens the need for international assistance.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $14.33 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      4.6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,100 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 35%
      industry: 17%
      services: 48% (2001)

      Population below poverty line:
      45% (2003 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2%
      highest 10%: 46.8% (1994)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      48.2 (1994)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      4.5% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      5 million
      note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment (2003)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 90% (2003 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      NA%

      Budget:
      revenues: $316 million
      expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001)

      Industries:
      cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold

      Industrial production growth rate:
      14% (2001 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      279.2 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 69.9%
      hydro: 30.1%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      259.6 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      8,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Agriculture - products:
      cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock

      Exports:
      $293 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      cotton, livestock, gold

      Exports - partners:
      Singapore 15.2%, Italy 11.7%, Colombia 8.8%, France 7.6%, India 7%, Ghana 6.4%, Japan 4.7%, Thailand 4.1% (2002)

      Imports:
      $633.6 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum

      Imports - partners:
      France 27.4%, Cote d'Ivoire 22.6%, Togo 4.2% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $1.3 billion (2000)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $484.1 million (1995)

      Currency:
      Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States

      Currency code:
      XOF

      Exchange rates:
      Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.7 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Burkina Faso on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Burkina Faso Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burkina Faso Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/burkina_faso/burkina_faso_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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