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    Cape Verde Geography - 2004

      Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

      Geographic coordinates:
      16 00 N, 24 00 W

      Map references:
      Political Map of the World

      total: 4,033 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 4,033 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Rhode Island

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      965 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic

      steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)

      Natural resources:
      salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 9.68%
      permanent crops: 0.5%
      other: 89.82% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      30 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active

      Environment - current issues:
      soil erosion; demand for wood used as fuel has resulted in deforestation; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

      NOTE: The information regarding Cape Verde on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cape Verde Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cape Verde Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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