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    Chad Geography - 2004

      Central Africa, south of Libya

      Geographic coordinates:
      15 00 N, 19 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 1.284 million sq km
      water: 24,800 sq km
      land: 1,259,200 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than three times the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,968 km
      border countries: Cameroon 1,094 km, Central African Republic 1,197 km, Libya 1,055 km, Niger 1,175 km, Nigeria 87 km, Sudan 1,360 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      tropical in south, desert in north

      broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Djourab Depression 160 m
      highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad)

      Land use:
      arable land: 2.78%
      permanent crops: 0.02%
      other: 97.2% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      200 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues

      Environment - current issues:
      inadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; Lake Chad is the most significant water body in the Sahel

      NOTE: The information regarding Chad on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chad Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chad Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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