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    Chile Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/chile/chile_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. During the early 1990s, Chile's reputation as a role model for economic reform was strengthened when the democratic government of Patricio AYLWIN - which took over from the military in 1990 - deepened the economic reform initiated by the military government. Growth in real GDP averaged 8% during 1991-97, but fell to half that level in 1998 because of tight monetary policies implemented to keep the current account deficit in check and because of lower export earnings - the latter a product of the global financial crisis. A severe drought exacerbated the recession in 1999, reducing crop yields and causing hydroelectric shortfalls and electricity rationing, and Chile experienced negative economic growth for the first time in more than 15 years. Despite the effects of the recession, Chile maintained its reputation for strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating in South America. By the end of 1999, exports and economic activity had begun to recover, and growth rebounded to 4.2% in 2000. Growth fell back to 3.1% in 2001 and 2.1% in 2002, largely due to lackluster global growth and the devaluation of the Argentine peso, but recovered to 3.2% in 2003. Unemployment, although declining over the past year, remains stubbornly high, putting pressure on President LAGOS to improve living standards. One bright spot was the signing of a free trade agreement with the US, which took effect on 1 January 2004. In 2004, GDP growth is set to accelerate to more than 4% as copper prices rise, export earnings grow, and foreign direct investment picks up.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $154.6 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3.2% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $9,900 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 6.4%
      industry: 38.8%
      services: 54.8% (2003 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      20.6% (2000 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 3.7%
      highest 10%: 41% (2000)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      56.7 (2000)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      1.1% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      5.68 million (2000 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 13.6%, industry 23.4%, services 63% (2003 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      8.5% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $14.7 billion
      expenditures: $15.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2003 est.)

      Industries:
      copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles

      Industrial production growth rate:
      3.5% (2003 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      41.66 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 47%
      hydro: 51.5%
      other: 1.4% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      40.13 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      1.386 billion kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      13,640 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      241,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      81.05 million bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      1.2 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      6.47 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      5.27 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      67.78 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber

      Exports:
      $20.44 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      copper, fish, fruits, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine

      Exports - partners:
      US 19.1%, Japan 10.5%, China 6.7%, Mexico 5%, Italy 4.7%, UK 4.4% (2002)

      Imports:
      $17.4 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      consumer goods, chemicals, motor vehicles, fuels, electrical machinery, heavy industrial machinery, food

      Imports - partners:
      Argentina 18%, US 14.9%, Brazil 9.5%, China 6.5%, Germany 4.3% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $42.5 billion (2003)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      ODA, $40 million (2001 est.)

      Currency:
      Chilean peso (CLP)

      Currency code:
      CLP

      Exchange rates:
      Chilean pesos per US dollar - 691.43 (2003), 688.94 (2002), 634.94 (2001), 535.47 (2000), 508.78 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/chile/chile_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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