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    Christmas Island Geography - 2004

      Southeastern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates:
      10 30 S, 105 40 E

      Map references:
      Southeast Asia

      total: 135 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 135 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      80 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      contiguous zone: 12 NM
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM

      tropical with a wet and dry season; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds; wet season December to April

      steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

      Natural resources:
      phosphate, beaches

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100%
      note: mainly tropical rainforest; 63% of the island is a national park (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

      Environment - current issues:

      Geography - note:
      located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Christmas Island on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Christmas Island Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Christmas Island Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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