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    Cuba Geography - 2004

      Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

      Geographic coordinates:
      21 30 N, 80 00 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 110,860 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 110,860 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries:
      total: 29 km
      border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
      note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba

      3,735 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

      mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m

      Natural resources:
      cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 33.04%
      other: 59.35% (1998 est.)
      permanent crops: 7.61%

      Irrigated land:
      870 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

      Environment - current issues:
      air and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      largest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles

      NOTE: The information regarding Cuba on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cuba Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cuba Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)