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    Czech Republic Geography - 2004

      Central Europe, southeast of Germany

      Geographic coordinates:
      49 45 N, 15 30 E

      Map references:

      total: 78,866 sq km
      water: 1,590 sq km
      land: 77,276 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than South Carolina

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,881 km
      border countries: Austria 362 km, Germany 646 km, Poland 658 km, Slovakia 215 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

      Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Elbe River 115 m
      highest point: Snezka 1,602 m

      Natural resources:
      hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 40%
      permanent crops: 3.04%
      other: 56.96% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      240 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; strategically located astride some of oldest and most significant land routes in Europe; Moravian Gate is a traditional military corridor between the North European Plain and the Danube in central Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Czech Republic on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Czech Republic Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Czech Republic Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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