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    Dominican Republic Geography - 2004

      Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

      Geographic coordinates:
      19 00 N, 70 40 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 48,730 sq km
      land: 48,380 sq km
      water: 350 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

      Land boundaries:
      total: 360 km
      border countries: Haiti 360 km

      1,288 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 6 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

      rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
      highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

      Natural resources:
      nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 21.08%
      permanent crops: 9.92%
      other: 69% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      2,590 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti

      NOTE: The information regarding Dominican Republic on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Dominican Republic Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Dominican Republic Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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