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    East Timor Government - 2004

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
      conventional short form: East Timor
      local short form: Timor Lorosa'e [Tetum]; Timor-Leste [Portuguese]
      former: Portuguese Timor
      local long form: Republika Demokratika Timor Lorosa'e [Tetum]; Republica Democratica de Timor-Leste [Portuguese]

      Government type:


      Administrative divisions:
      13 administrative districts; Aileu, Ainaro, Baucau, Bobonaro (Maliana), Cova-Lima (Suai), Dili, Ermera, Lautem (Los Palos), Liquica, Manatuto, Manufahi (Same), Oecussi (Ambeno), Viqueque

      28 November 1975 (date of proclamation of independence from Portugal); note - 20 May 2002 is the official date of international recognition of East Timor's independence from Indonesia

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 28 November (1975)

      22 March 2002 (based on the Portuguese model)

      Legal system:
      UN-drafted legal system based on Indonesian law (2002)

      17 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO (since 20 May 2002); note - the president plays a largely symbolic role but is able to veto some legislation; he formally used the name Jose Alexander GUSMAO
      head of government: Prime Minister Mari Bin Amude ALKATIRI (since 20 May 2002)
      cabinet: Council of State
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 14 April 2002 (next to be held NA April 2007); after the first legislative elections, the leader of the majority party was appointed prime minister by the president, suggesting a precedent for the future
      election results: Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO elected president; percent of vote - Kay Rala Xanana GUSMAO 82.7%, Francisco Xavier do AMARAL 17.3%

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral National Parliament (number of seats can vary, minimum requirement of 52 and a maximum of 65 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - for its first term of office, the National Parliament is comprised of 88 members on an exceptional basis
      elections: (next to be held August 2006); direct elections for national parliament were never held; elected delegates to the national convention named themselves legislators instead of having elections; hence the exceptional numbers for this term of the national parliament.
      election results: percent of vote by party - FRETILIN 57.37%, PD 8.72%, PSD 8.18%, ASDT 7.84%, UDT 2.36%, PNT 2.21%, KOTA 2.13%, PPT 2.01%, PDC 1.98%, PST 1.78%, independents/other 5.42%; seats by party - FRETILIN 55, PD 7, PSD 6, ASDT 6, PDC 2, UDT 2, KOTA 2, PNT 2, PPT 2, UDC/PDC 1, PST 1, PL 1, independent 1

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court of Justice, one judge appointed by the National Parliament and the rest appointed by the Superior Council for the Judiciary

      Political parties and leaders:
      Associacao Social-Democrata Timorense or ASDT [Francisco Xavier do AMARAL]; Christian Democratic Party of Timor or PDC [Antonio XIMENES]; Christian Democratic Union of Timor or UDC [Vicente da Silva GUTERRES]; Democratic Party or PD [Fernando de ARAUJO]; Liberal Party or PL [leader NA]; Maubere Democratic Party or PDM [leader NA]; People's Party of Timor or PPT [Jacob XAVIER]; Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor or FRETILIN [Lu OLO]; Social Democrat Party of East Timor or PSD [Mario CARRASCALAO]; Socialist Party of Timor or PST [leader NA]; Sons of the Mountain Warriors (also known as Association of Timorese Heroes) or KOTA [Clementino dos Reis AMARAL]; Timor Democratic Union or UDT [Joao CARRASCALAO]; Timor Labor Party or PTT [Paulo Freitas DA SILVA]; Timorese Nationalist Party or PNT [Abilio ARAUJO]; Timorese Popular Democratic Association or APODETI [Frederico Almeida-Santos DA COSTA]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      the Popular Council for the Defense of the Democratic Republic of East Timor or CPD-RDTL is the largest political pressure group; it rejects the current government and claims to be the rightful government; it is led by Cristiano DA COSTA, a.k.a. Aitahan MATAK; Kolimau 2000 is another opposition group; leader is Dr. BRUNO (NFI) according to Indonesian press

      International organization participation:

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Jose Luis GUTERRES
      consulate(s) general: New York (the ambassador resides in New York) (2003)
      FAX: 202 965-1517
      telephone: 202 965-1515
      chancery: 3415 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, DC 20007

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Grover Joseph REES
      embassy: Vila 10, Avenida de Portugal, Farol, Dili
      mailing address: Department of State, 8250 Dili Place, Washington, DC 20521-8250
      telephone: (670) 332-4684, 331-3205/3160/3472
      FAX: (670) 331-3206

      Flag description:
      red, with a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a slightly longer yellow arrowhead that extends to the center of the flag; there is a white star in the center of the black triangle

      NOTE: The information regarding East Timor on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of East Timor Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about East Timor Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)