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    Finland Geography - 2004

      Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia

      Geographic coordinates:
      64 00 N, 26 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 337,030 sq km
      water: 31,560 sq km
      land: 305,470 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Montana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,628 km
      border countries: Norway 729 km, Sweden 586 km, Russia 1,313 km

      1,126 km (excludes islands and coastal indentations)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM (in the Gulf of Finland - 3 NM)
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM; extends to continental shelf boundary with Sweden

      cold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes

      mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Halti 1,328 m

      Natural resources:
      timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone

      Land use:
      arable land: 6.98%
      permanent crops: 0.01%
      other: 93.01% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      640 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note:
      long boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain

      NOTE: The information regarding Finland on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Finland Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Finland Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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