Support Our Sponsor
. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2004 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS

    France Index


    . Feedback
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    France Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/france/france_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      France is in the midst of transition, from a well-to-do modern economy that has featured extensive government ownership and intervention to one that relies more on market mechanisms. The Socialist-led government partially or fully privatized many large companies, banks, and insurers, but the government retains controlling stakes in several leading firms, including Air France, France Telecom, Renault, and Thales, and is dominant in some sectors, particularly power, public transport, and defense industries. The telecommunications sector is gradually being opened to competition. France's leaders remain committed to a capitalism in which they maintain social equity by means of laws, tax policies, and social spending that reduce income disparity and the impact of free markets on public health and welfare. The current government has lowered income taxes and introduced measures to boost employment. The government is focusing on the problems of the high cost of labor and labor market inflexibility resulting from the 35-hour workweek and restrictions on lay-offs. The government is also pushing for pension reforms and simplification of administrative procedures. The tax burden remains one of the highest in Europe (43.8% of GDP in 2003). The current economic slowdown and inflexible budget items have pushed the 2003 deficit to 4% of GDP, above the EU's 3% debt limit. Business investment remains listless because of low rates of capital utilization, sluggish demand, high debt, and the steep cost of capital.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $1.654 trillion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      0.1% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $27,500 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 3%
      industry: 26%
      services: 71% (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      6.5% (2000)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.8%
      highest 10%: 25.1% (1995)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      32.7 (1995)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      27.1 million (2003 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      services 71.5%, industry 24.4%, agriculture 4.1% (1999)

      Unemployment rate:
      9.6% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $217 billion
      expenditures: $274 billion, including capital expenditures of $23 billion (2003 est.)

      Industries:
      machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      1.1% (2003)

      Electricity - production:
      520.1 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 8.2%
      hydro: 14%
      other: 0.7% (2001)
      nuclear: 77.1%

      Electricity - consumption:
      415.3 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      72.6 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      4.2 billion kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      34,920 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      2.026 million bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      409,600 bbl/day (2001)

      Oil - imports:
      2.281 million bbl/day (2001)

      Oil - proved reserves:
      144.3 million bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      1.898 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      42.01 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      1.725 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      40.26 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      12.86 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish

      Exports:
      $346.5 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      machinery and transportation equipment, aircraft, plastics, chemicals, pharmaceutical products, iron and steel, beverages

      Exports - partners:
      Germany 15%, UK 9.8%, Spain 9%, Italy 9%, US 7.8%, Belgium 6.9% (2002)

      Imports:
      $339.9 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, vehicles, crude oil, aircraft, plastics, chemicals

      Imports - partners:
      Germany 19.4%, Belgium 9.2%, Italy 8.8%, UK 7.3%, Netherlands 7%, US 6.8%, Spain 6.7% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      NA

      Economic aid - donor:
      ODA, $5.4 billion (2002)

      Currency:
      euro (EUR)
      note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries

      Currency code:
      EUR

      Exchange rates:
      euros per US dollar - 0.89 (2003), 1.06 (2002), 1.12 (2001), 1.09 (2000), 0.94 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding France on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of France Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about France Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -



    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/france/france_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR040725