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    Gaza Strip Geography - 2004

      Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel

      Geographic coordinates:
      31 25 N, 34 20 E

      Map references:
      Middle East

      total: 360 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 360 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      total: 62 km
      border countries: Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km

      40 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation

      temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers

      flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Auda) 105 m

      Natural resources:
      arable land, natural gas

      Land use:
      arable land: 26.32%
      permanent crops: 39.47%
      other: 34.21% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      120 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment; water-borne disease; soil degradation; depletion and contamination of underground water resources

      Geography - note:
      there are 25 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Gaza Strip (February 2002 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Gaza Strip on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Gaza Strip Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Gaza Strip Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2021 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)