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    Ghana Geography - 2004

      Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

      Geographic coordinates:
      8 00 N, 2 00 W

      Map references:

      total: 239,460 sq km
      land: 230,940 sq km
      water: 8,520 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,094 km
      border countries: Burkina Faso 549 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km

      539 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

      mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m

      Natural resources:
      gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 15.82%
      permanent crops: 7.47%
      other: 76.71% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      110 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake

      NOTE: The information regarding Ghana on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ghana Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ghana Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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