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    Greenland Geography - 2004

      Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

      Geographic coordinates:
      72 00 N, 40 00 W

      Map references:
      Arctic Region

      total: 2,166,086 sq km
      land: 2,166,086 sq km (410,449 sq km ice-free, 1,755,637 sq km ice-covered) (2000 est.)

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than three times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      44,087 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 3 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line

      arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

      flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Gunnbjorn 3,700 m

      Natural resources:
      coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, gold, platinum, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

      Environment - current issues:
      protection of the arctic environment; preservation of the Inuit traditional way of life, including whaling and seal hunting

      Geography - note:
      dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast, but close to one-quarter of the population lives in the capital, Nuuk; world's second largest ice cap

      NOTE: The information regarding Greenland on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greenland Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greenland Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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