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    Guatemala Geography - 2004

      Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize

      Geographic coordinates:
      15 30 N, 90 15 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 108,890 sq km
      water: 460 sq km
      land: 108,430 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Tennessee

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,687 km
      border countries: Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km

      400 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

      mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau (Peten)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 12.54%
      permanent crops: 5.03%
      other: 82.43% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      1,250 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast extremely susceptible to hurricanes and other tropical storms

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation in the Peten rainforest; soil erosion; water pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      no natural harbors on west coast

      NOTE: The information regarding Guatemala on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guatemala Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guatemala Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)