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    Indonesia Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/indonesia/indonesia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Indonesia, a vast polyglot nation, faces economic development problems stemming from recent acts of terrorism, unequal resource distribution among regions, endemic corruption, the lack of reliable legal recourse in contract disputes, weaknesses in the banking system, and a generally poor climate for foreign investment. Indonesia withdrew from its IMF program at the end of 2003, but issued a "White Paper" that commits the government to maintaining fundamentally sound macroeconomic policies previously established under IMF guidelines. Investors, however, continued to face a host of on-the-ground microeconomic problems and an inadequate judicial system. Keys to future growth remain internal reform, building up the confidence of international and domestic investors, and strong global economic growth.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $758.1 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      4% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $3,200 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 15.9%
      industry: 42.1%
      services: 42% (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      27% (1999)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 4%
      highest 10%: 26.7% (1999)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      37 (2001)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      6.9% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      100.5 million (2002)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 45%, industry 16%, services 39% (1999 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      10.5% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $39 billion
      expenditures: $43 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2003 est.)

      Industries:
      petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      3.6% (2003 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      95.78 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 86.9%
      hydro: 10.5%
      other: 2.6% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      89.08 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      1.451 million bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      1.045 million bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      7.083 billion bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      69 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      36.2 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      32.8 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      2.549 trillion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra, poultry, beef, pork, eggs

      Exports:
      $63.89 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber

      Exports - partners:
      Japan 21.1%, US 13.2%, Singapore 9.4%, South Korea 7.2%, China 5.1% (2002)

      Imports:
      $40.22 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs

      Imports - partners:
      Japan 14.1%, Singapore 13.1%, US 8.5%, China 7.8%, South Korea 5.3%, Australia 5.1% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $132.9 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $43 billion Indonesia finished its IMF program in December 2003 but still receives bilateral aid through the Consultative Group on Indonesia (CGI), which pledged $2.8 billion in grants and loans for 2004. (2003 est.)

      Currency:
      Indonesian rupiah (IDR)

      Currency code:
      IDR

      Exchange rates:
      Indonesian rupiahs per US dollar - 8,577.13 (2003), 9,311.19 (2002), 10,260.8 (2001), 8,421.77 (2000), 7,855.15 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year; note - previously was 1 April - 31 March, but starting with 2001, has been changed to calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Indonesia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Indonesia Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Indonesia Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/indonesia/indonesia_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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