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    Iran Geography - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/iran/iran_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan

      Geographic coordinates:
      32 00 N, 53 00 E

      Map references:
      Middle East

      Area:
      total: 1.648 million sq km
      land: 1.636 million sq km
      water: 12,000 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,440 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 936 km, Armenia 35 km, Azerbaijan-proper 432 km, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave 179 km, Iraq 1,458 km, Pakistan 909 km, Turkey 499 km, Turkmenistan 992 km

      Coastline:
      2,440 km; note - Iran also borders the Caspian Sea (740 km)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: natural prolongation
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: bilateral agreements or median lines in the Persian Gulf

      Climate:
      mostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast

      Terrain:
      rugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
      highest point: Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur

      Land use:
      arable land: 10.17%
      permanent crops: 1.16%
      other: 88.67% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      75,620 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      periodic droughts, floods; dust storms, sandstorms; earthquakes

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution, especially in urban areas, from vehicle emissions, refinery operations, and industrial effluents; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation (salination); inadequate supplies of potable water; water pollution from raw sewage and industrial waste; urbanization

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      strategic location on the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz, which are vital maritime pathways for crude oil transport


      NOTE: The information regarding Iran on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iran Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iran Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/iran/iran_geography.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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