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    Israel Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/israel/israel_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Israel has a technologically advanced market economy with substantial government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials, and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Israel has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 20 years. Israel imports substantial quantities of grain but is largely self-sufficient in other agricultural products. Cut diamonds, high-technology equipment, and agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) are the leading exports. Israel usually posts sizable current account deficits, which are covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. Roughly half of the government's external debt is owed to the US, which is its major source of economic and military aid. The bitter Israeli-Palestinian conflict; difficulties in the high-technology, construction, and tourist sectors; and fiscal austerity in the face of growing inflation led to small declines in GDP in 2001 and 2002. The economy grew at 1% in 2003, with improvements in tourism and foreign direct investment. In 2004, rising business and consumer confidence - as well as higher demand for Israeli exports - are forecast to boost GDP by 2.5%.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $120.6 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      1% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $19,700 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 2.6%
      industry: 36.2%
      services: 61.2% (2001 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      18% (2001 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.4%
      highest 10%: 28.3% (1997)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      35.5 (2001)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      1.1% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      2.6 million (2003 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      public services 31.2%, manufacturing 20.2%, finance and business 13.1%, commerce 12.8%, construction 7.5%, personal and other services 6.4%, transport, storage, and communications 6.2%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.6% (1996)

      Unemployment rate:
      10.7% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $38.5 billion
      expenditures: $45.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2002 est.)

      Industries:
      high-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, diamond cutting

      Industrial production growth rate:
      0.7% (2003 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      42.24 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 99.9%
      hydro: 0.1%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      37.82 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      1.457 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      80 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      260,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      1.92 million bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      10 million cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      10 million cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      20.81 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products

      Exports:
      $29.32 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals, textiles and apparel

      Exports - partners:
      US 40.3%, Belgium 6.3%, Hong Kong 4.7%, UK 4% (2002)

      Imports:
      $32.27 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      raw materials, military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, fuels, grain, consumer goods

      Imports - partners:
      US 18.5%, Belgium 9.1%, Germany 7.1%, UK 6.7%, Switzerland 6.3%, Italy 4.6% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $68.9 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $662 million from US (2003 est.)

      Currency:
      new Israeli shekel (ILS); note - NIS is the currency abbreviation; ILS is the International Organization for Standarization (ISO) code for the NIS

      Currency code:
      ILS

      Exchange rates:
      new Israeli shekels per US dollar - 4.55 (2003), 4.74 (2002), 4.21 (2001), 4.08 (2000), 4.14 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/israel/israel_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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