Support Our Sponsor
. . Flags of the World Maps of All Countries

  • |Main INDEX|
  • 2004 INDEX
  • Country Ranks
  • DEFINITIONS

    Jamaica Index


    . Feedback
  • geographic.org Home PageCountry Index

    Jamaica Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/jamaica/jamaica_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      The Jamaican economy is heavily dependent on services, which now account for 70% of GDP. The country continues to derive most of its foreign exchange from tourism, remittances, and bauxite/alumina. The global economic slowdown, particularly after the terrorist attacks in the US on 11 September 2002, stunted economic growth; the economy rebounded moderately in 2003, with one of the best tourist seasons on record. But the economy faces serious long-term problems: high interest rates; increased foreign competition; a pressured, sometimes sliding, exchange rate; a sizable merchandise trade deficit; large-scale unemployment; and a growing internal debt, the result of government bailouts to ailing sectors of the economy. The ratio of debt to GDP is close to 150%. Inflation, previously a bright spot, is expected to remain in the double digits. Depressed economic conditions have led to increased civil unrest, including gang violence fueled by the drug trade. In 2004, the government faces the difficult prospect of having to achieve fiscal discipline in order to maintain debt payments while simultaneously attacking a serious and growing crime problem that is hampering economic growth.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $10.21 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      1.9% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $3,800 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 6%
      industry: 24%
      services: 70% (2003 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      19.7% (2002 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.7%
      highest 10%: 30.3% (2000)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      37.9 (2000)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      14.1% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      1.12 million (1998)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      services 60%, agriculture 21%, industry 19% (1998)

      Unemployment rate:
      15.9% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $2.23 billion
      expenditures: $2.56 billion, including capital expenditures of $236 million (FY99/00 est.)

      Industries:
      tourism, bauxite/alumina, textiles, agro processing, wearing apparel, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications

      Industrial production growth rate:
      -2% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      6.272 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 96.8%
      hydro: 1.8%
      other: 1.4% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      5.833 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2002)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2002 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      66,000 bbl/day (2002 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA (2001)

      Agriculture - products:
      sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, yams, vegetables, poultry, goats, milk, crustaceans, and mollusks

      Exports:
      $1.355 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      alumina, bauxite, sugar, bananas, rum, coffee, yams, beverages, chemicals, wearing apparel, mineral fuels

      Exports - partners:
      US 28.3%, Canada 14.1%, Netherlands 12.2%, UK 12.1%, Norway 8.4% (2002)

      Imports:
      $3.265 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      food and other consumer goods, industrial supplies, fuel, parts and accessories of capital goods, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials

      Imports - partners:
      US 44%, Trinidad and Tobago 9.1%, Japan 5.9%, Venezuela 4% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $4.3 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $16 million (2003)

      Currency:
      Jamaican dollar (JMD)

      Currency code:
      JMD

      Exchange rates:
      Jamaican dollars per US dollar - 57.74 (2003), 48.42 (2002), 46 (2001), 42.7 (2000), 39.04 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      1 April - 31 March


      NOTE: The information regarding Jamaica on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Jamaica Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Jamaica Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

    Support Our Sponsor

    Support Our Sponsor

    Please ADD this page to your FAVORITES - - - - -



    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/jamaica/jamaica_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR040725