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    Kenya Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/kenya/kenya_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      The regional hub for trade and finance in East Africa, Kenya has been hampered by corruption, notably in the judicial system, and by reliance upon several primary goods whose prices have remained low. In 1997, the IMF suspended Kenya's Enhanced Structural Adjustment Program due to the government's failure to maintain reforms and curb corruption. A severe drought from 1999 to 2000 compounded Kenya's problems, causing water and energy rationing and reducing agricultural output. As a result, GDP contracted by 0.2% in 2000. The IMF, which had resumed loans in 2000 to help Kenya through the drought, again halted lending in 2001 when the government failed to institute several anticorruption measures. Despite the return of strong rains in 2001, weak commodity prices, endemic corruption, and low investment limited Kenya's economic growth to 1.2%. Growth lagged at 1.1% in 2002 because of erratic rains, low investor confidence, meager donor support, and political infighting up to the elections. In the key 27 December 2002 elections, Daniel Arap MOI's 24-year-old reign ended, and a new opposition government took on the formidable economic problems facing the nation. In 2003, progress was made in rooting out corruption, and encouraging donor support, with GDP growth edging up to 1.7%.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $33.09 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      1.7% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,000 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 19.1%
      industry: 18.3%
      services: 62.6% (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      50% (2000 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2%
      highest 10%: 37.2% (2000)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      44.9 (1997)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      9.6% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      12.95 million (2001 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 75% (2003 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      40% (2001 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $2.91 billion
      expenditures: $2.97 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)

      Industries:
      small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      1.8% (2003 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      4.033 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 17.7%
      hydro: 71%
      other: 11.3% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      3.981 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      230 million kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      57,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Agriculture - products:
      tea, coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs

      Exports:
      $2.514 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement

      Exports - partners:
      Uganda 18.5%, UK 13%, US 8.1%, Netherlands 7.6%, Pakistan 5%, Egypt 4.1% (2002)

      Imports:
      $3.705 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles, iron and steel, resins and plastics

      Imports - partners:
      UAE 12%, Saudi Arabia 8.7%, South Africa 8.1%, US 8.1%, UK 7.1%, France 5.8%, China 5.5%, Japan 5%, India 4.8% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $5.9 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $453 million (1997)

      Currency:
      Kenyan shilling (KES)

      Currency code:
      KES

      Exchange rates:
      Kenyan shillings per US dollar - 75.94 (2003), 78.75 (2002), 78.56 (2001), 76.18 (2000), 70.33 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June


      NOTE: The information regarding Kenya on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kenya Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kenya Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/kenya/kenya_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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