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    Kyrgyzstan Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/kyrgyzstan/kyrgyzstan_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Kyrgyzstan is a poor, mountainous country with a predominantly agricultural economy. Cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, and natural gas and electricity. Kyrgyzstan has been fairly progressive in carrying out market reforms, such as an improved regulatory system and land reform. Kyrgyzstan was the first CIS country to be accepted into the World Trade Organization. With fits and starts, inflation has been lowered to an estimated 7% in 2001, 2.1% in 2002, and 4.0% in 2003. Much of the government's stock in enterprises has been sold. Drops in production had been severe after the breakup of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but by mid-1995 production began to recover and exports began to increase. Kyrgyzstan has distinguished itself by adopting relatively liberal economic policies. The drop in output at the Kumtor gold mine sparked a 0.5% decline in GDP in 2002, but GDP growth bounced back to 6% in 2003. The government has made steady strides in controlling its substantial fiscal deficit and aims to reduce the deficit to 4.4 percent of GDP in 2004. The government and the international financial institutions have been engaged in a comprehensive medium-term poverty reduction and economic growth strategy. Further restructuring of domestic industry and success in attracting foreign investment are keys to future growth.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $7.725 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,600 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 35%
      industry: 25%
      services: 40% (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      50% (2003 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 3.2%
      highest 10%: 27.7% (1999)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      34.6 (1999)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      4% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      2.7 million (2000)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 55%, industry 15%, services 30% (2000 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      7.2% (1999 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $207.4 million
      expenditures: $238.7 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

      Industries:
      small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals

      Industrial production growth rate:
      6% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      13.45 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 7.6%
      hydro: 92.4%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      10.46 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      2.25 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      200 million kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      2,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      20,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Natural gas - production:
      16 million cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      2.016 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      2 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool

      Exports:
      $548 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, hydropower; machinery; shoes

      Exports - partners:
      Switzerland 19.8%, Russia 16.5%, UAE 14.2%, China 8.4%, Kazakhstan 7.6%, US 7.4%, Uzbekistan 5.8% (2002)

      Imports:
      $601 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs

      Imports - partners:
      Kazakhstan 21.1%, Russia 19.9%, Uzbekistan 10.2%, China 10.1%, US 8%, Germany 5.3% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $1.5 billion (2002 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $50 million from the US (2001)

      Currency:
      Kyrgyzstani som (KGS)

      Currency code:
      KGS

      Exchange rates:
      soms per US dollar - 43.65 (2003), 46.94 (2002), 48.38 (2001), 47.7 (2000), 39.01 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Kyrgyzstan on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Kyrgyzstan Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Kyrgyzstan Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/kyrgyzstan/kyrgyzstan_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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