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    Lebanon Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/lebanon/lebanon_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      The 1975-91 civil war seriously damaged Lebanon's economic infrastructure, cut national output by half, and all but ended Lebanon's position as a Middle Eastern entrepot and banking hub. Peace enabled the central government to restore control in Beirut, begin collecting taxes, and regain access to key port and government facilities. Economic recovery was helped by a financially sound banking system and resilient small- and medium-scale manufacturers. Family remittances, banking services, manufactured and farm exports, and international aid provided the main sources of foreign exchange. Lebanon's economy made impressive gains since the launch in 1993 of "Horizon 2000," the government's $20 billion reconstruction program. Real GDP grew 8% in 1994, 7% in 1995, 4% in 1996 and in 1997, but slowed to 1.2% in 1998, -1.6% in 1999, -0.6% in 2000, 0.8% in 2001, 1.5% in 2002, and 3% in 2003. During the 1990s, annual inflation fell to almost 0% from more than 100%. Lebanon has rebuilt much of its war-torn physical and financial infrastructure. The government nonetheless faces serious challenges in the economic arena. It has funded reconstruction by borrowing heavily - mostly from domestic banks. In order to reduce the ballooning national debt, the re-installed HARIRI government began an economic austerity program to rein in government expenditures, increase revenue collection, and privatize state enterprises. The HARIRI government met with international donors at the Paris II conference in November 2002 to seek bilateral assistance restructuring its domestic debt at lower rates of interest. While privatization of state-owned enterprises had not occurred by the end of 2003, massive receipts from donor nations stabilized government finances throughout 2002 and 2003.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $17.82 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $4,800 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 12%
      industry: 21%
      services: 67% (2000)

      Population below poverty line:
      28% (1999 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2.5% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      1.5 million
      note: in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2001 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      services NA%, industry NA%, agriculture NA%

      Unemployment rate:
      18% (1997 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $4.5 billion
      expenditures: $7.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2003 est.)

      Industries:
      banking; food processing; jewelry; cement; textiles; mineral and chemical products; wood and furniture products; oil refining; metal fabricating

      Industrial production growth rate:
      NA%

      Electricity - production:
      6.728 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 97.2%
      hydro: 2.8%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      7.44 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      1.183 billion kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      107,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Agriculture - products:
      citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats

      Exports:
      $1.359 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      authentic jewelry, inorganic chemicals, miscellaneous consumer goods, fruit, tobacco, construction minerals, electric power machinery and switchgear, textile fibers, paper

      Exports - partners:
      UAE 11%, Switzerland 9.1%, Saudi Arabia 8.2%, US 6.2%, Jordan 4.2% (2002)

      Imports:
      $6.073 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      petroleum products, cars, medicinal products, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics, tobacco

      Imports - partners:
      Italy 11.3%, France 10.7%, Germany 8.3%, US 5.6%, Syria 5.4%, China 4.8%, Belgium 4.5%, UK 4.2% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $16.3 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $3.5 billion (pledges 1997-2001); $4.2 billion in soft loan pledges November 2002 Paris II Aid Conference (2002)

      Currency:
      Lebanese pound (LBP)

      Currency code:
      LBP

      Exchange rates:
      Lebanese pounds per US dollar - 1,507.5 (2003), 1,507.5 (2002), 1,507.5 (2001), 1,507.5 (2000), 1,507.84 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Lebanon on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lebanon Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lebanon Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/lebanon/lebanon_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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