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    Madagascar Geography - 2004

      Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates:
      20 00 S, 47 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 587,040 sq km
      water: 5,500 sq km
      land: 581,540 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than twice the size of Arizona

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      4,828 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or 100 NM from the 2,500-m deep isobath
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south

      narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m

      Natural resources:
      graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 4.99%
      permanent crops: 1.03%
      other: 93.98% (2000 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      10,900 sq km (2000 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      periodic cyclones, drought, and locust infestation

      Environment - current issues:
      soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several species of flora and fauna unique to the island are endangered

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel

      NOTE: The information regarding Madagascar on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Madagascar Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Madagascar Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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