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    Malawi Geography - 2004

      Southern Africa, east of Zambia

      Geographic coordinates:
      13 30 S, 34 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 118,480 sq km
      water: 24,400 sq km
      land: 94,080 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,881 km
      border countries: Mozambique 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      sub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)

      narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m
      highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m

      Natural resources:
      limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite

      Land use:
      arable land: 19.93%
      permanent crops: 1.33%
      other: 78.74% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      280 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km long, is the country's most prominent physical feature

      NOTE: The information regarding Malawi on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malawi Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malawi Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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