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    Morocco Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/morocco/morocco_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Morocco faces the problems typical of developing countries - restraining government spending, reducing constraints on private activity and foreign trade, and achieving sustainable economic growth. Despite structural adjustment programs supported by the IMF, World Bank, and the Paris Club, the dirham is only fully convertible for current account transactions. Reforms of the financial sector are being contemplated. Droughts depressed activity in the key agricultural sector and contributed to a stagnant economy in 2002. Morocco reported large foreign exchange inflows from the sale of a mobile telephone license, and partial privatization of the state-owned telecommunications company and the state tobacco company. Favorable rainfall in 2003 led to a growth of 6%. Formidable long-term challenges include: preparing the economy for freer trade with the EU and US, improving education, and attracting foreign investment to boost living standards and job prospects for Morocco's youth.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $128.3 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $4,000 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 15%
      industry: 33%
      services: 52% (2000 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      19% (1999 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.6%
      highest 10%: 30.9% (1998-99)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      39.5 (1998-99)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      3.6% (2002 est.)

      Labor force:
      11 million (1999)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 40%, services 45%, industry 15% (2003 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      19% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $13.8 billion
      expenditures: $14 billion, including capital expenditures of $2.1 billion (2004 est.)

      Industries:
      phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      NA

      Electricity - production:
      13.35 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 95.4%
      hydro: 4.6%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      14.61 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      2.2 billion kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      400 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      167,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      900,000 bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      50 million cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      50 million cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      665.4 million cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock

      Exports:
      $8.466 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      clothing, fish, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, fruits, vegetables

      Exports - partners:
      France 25.9%, Spain 14%, UK 7.8%, Germany 5.7%, Italy 5.5%, US 4.7% (2002)

      Imports:
      $12.75 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics

      Imports - partners:
      France 21.1%, Spain 12.7%, Italy 6.4%, Germany 5.6%, US 4.6%, UK 4.1%, Saudi Arabia 4.1% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $17.1 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $565.6 million (1995)

      Currency:
      Moroccan dirham (MAD)

      Currency code:
      MAD

      Exchange rates:
      Moroccan dirhams per US dollar - 9.57 (2003), 11.02 (2002), 11.3 (2001), 10.63 (2000), 9.8 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Morocco on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Morocco Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Morocco Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/morocco/morocco_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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