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    New Zealand Geography - 2004

      Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

      Geographic coordinates:
      41 00 S, 174 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 268,680 sq km
      note: includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands
      water: NA sq km
      land: NA sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about the size of Colorado

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      15,134 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      temperate with sharp regional contrasts

      predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Aoraki-Mount Cook 3,754 m

      Natural resources:
      natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone

      Land use:
      arable land: 5.8%
      permanent crops: 6.44%
      other: 87.76% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      2,850 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      earthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by species introduced from outside

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic Seals, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      about 80% of the population lives in cities; Wellington is the southernmost national capital in the world

      NOTE: The information regarding New Zealand on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of New Zealand Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about New Zealand Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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