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    Niue Geography - 2004

      Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

      Geographic coordinates:
      19 02 S, 169 52 W

      Map references:

      total: 260 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 260 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      64 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

      steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m

      Natural resources:
      fish, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 19.23%
      permanent crops: 7.69%
      other: 73.08% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      one of world's largest coral islands

      NOTE: The information regarding Niue on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niue Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niue Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)