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    Norway Geography - 2004

      Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

      Geographic coordinates:
      62 00 N, 10 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 324,220 sq km
      land: 307,860 sq km
      water: 16,360 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than New Mexico

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,544 km
      border countries: Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 196 km

      21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km, large islands 2,413 km, long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 16,093 km)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 10 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast

      glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
      highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 2.94%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 97.06% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      1,270 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      rockslides, avalanches

      Environment - current issues:
      water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world

      NOTE: The information regarding Norway on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Norway Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Norway Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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