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    Philippines Geography - 2004

      Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam

      Geographic coordinates:
      13 00 N, 122 00 E

      Map references:
      Southeast Asia

      total: 300,000 sq km
      water: 1,830 sq km
      land: 298,170 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Arizona

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      36,289 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 NM from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 NM in breadth
      continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

      mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
      highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m

      Natural resources:
      timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

      Land use:
      arable land: 18.45%
      permanent crops: 14.76%
      other: 66.79% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      15,500 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues:
      uncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note:
      favorably located in relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait

      NOTE: The information regarding Philippines on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Philippines Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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