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    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography - 2004

      Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

      Geographic coordinates:
      13 15 N, 61 12 W

      Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 389 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      84 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

      volcanic, mountainous

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m

      Natural resources:
      hydropower, cropland

      Land use:
      arable land: 10.3%
      permanent crops: 17.9%
      other: 71.8% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      10 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat

      Environment - current issues:
      pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note:
      the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays

      NOTE: The information regarding Saint Vincent and the Grenadines on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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