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    Samoa Geography - 2004

      Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

      Geographic coordinates:
      13 35 S, 172 20 W

      Map references:

      total: 2,944 sq km
      water: 10 sq km
      land: 2,934 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Rhode Island

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      403 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

      tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)

      two main islands (Savaii, Upolu) and several smaller islands and uninhabited islets; narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mauga Silisili (Savaii) 1,857 m

      Natural resources:
      hardwood forests, fish, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 19.43%
      permanent crops: 23.67%
      other: 56.9% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      occasional typhoons; active volcanism

      Environment - current issues:
      soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      occupies an almost central position within Polynesia

      NOTE: The information regarding Samoa on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Samoa Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Samoa Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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