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    Saudi Arabia Geography - 2004

      Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen

      Geographic coordinates:
      25 00 N, 45 00 E

      Map references:
      Middle East

      total: 1,960,582 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 1,960,582 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than one-fifth the size of the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,431 km
      border countries: Iraq 814 km, Jordan 744 km, Kuwait 222 km, Oman 676 km, Qatar 60 km, UAE 457 km, Yemen 1,458 km

      2,640 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      contiguous zone: 18 NM
      continental shelf: not specified

      harsh, dry desert with great temperature extremes

      mostly uninhabited, sandy desert

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Jabal Sawda' 3,133 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

      Land use:
      arable land: 1.72%
      permanent crops: 0.06%
      other: 98.22% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      16,200 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      frequent sand and dust storms

      Environment - current issues:
      desertification; depletion of underground water resources; the lack of perennial rivers or permanent water bodies has prompted the development of extensive seawater desalination facilities; coastal pollution from oil spills

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      extensive coastlines on Persian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Persian Gulf and Suez Canal

      NOTE: The information regarding Saudi Arabia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saudi Arabia Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saudi Arabia Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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