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    Somalia Geography - 2004

      Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia

      Geographic coordinates:
      10 00 N, 49 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 637,657 sq km
      water: 10,320 sq km
      land: 627,337 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,340 km
      border countries: Djibouti 58 km, Ethiopia 1,600 km, Kenya 682 km

      3,025 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 200 NM

      principally desert; December to February - northeast monsoon, moderate temperatures in north and very hot in south; May to October - southwest monsoon, torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons

      mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Shimbiris 2,416 m

      Natural resources:
      uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves

      Land use:
      arable land: 1.66%
      other: 98.3% (1998 est.)
      permanent crops: 0.04%

      Irrigated land:
      2,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season

      Environment - current issues:
      famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

      Geography - note:
      strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal

      NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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